.  .

, ,

| | | |

   

   

   

   

- 2000

 

1.
2. ,
3. , ,

	

                                                        7.4

, ,

         .





                                                        7.5

                

   +---------------------------------------------------------------+
                               N    
                                       
                                                    
   +---------------------------+-----------+------------+----------
                                                       
   +---------------------------+-----------------------------------
                                 
   +---------------------------                                   
    ,                                          
   . C                                                       
   +---------------------------                                   
    ,                                        
   . C                                                       
   +---------------------------                                   
    ( )                                    
   +---------------------------                                   
                                                   
   ( )                                                  
   +---------------------------                                   
    ( )                                           
   +---------------------------                                   
                                               
   +---------------------------------------------------------------+
                       -  
   +---------------------------------------------------------------+
                           
                -       , 
   (),,             . C     
      . C         . C                 +-----------------
                                                 
   +----------------+--------------+-------------+--------+--------
                                                              
                                                              
   +---------------------------------------------------------------+
                           
   +---------------------------------------------------------------+
      , /3    50, /   50, /3    50, /3   
                   ( ( )                  
                      )                                  
   +---------------------------------------------------------------
                                         
   +-----------------------------------------+---------------------
                                              
   +-----------------------------------------+---------------------
           
   +-----------------------------------------+---------------------
                                        
   +---------------------------------------------------------------+

                                                     

                         

   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
                                          
   +-------------------------------------------+--------------------
                                            
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       
   +-----------------------+----------------------------------------
                                               
   +-----------------------+----------------------------------------
      ,                                         
                                                            
   +-----------------------+----------------------------------------
                                                  
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                       
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    
   +-----------------------+----------------------------------------
                                                              
   +-----------------------+----------------------------------------
                                                              
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                     
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
      (  )                       
                                                   
                                                                   
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
   .   "" .            
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+





                                                        7.6

             

   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
                                                
                                             
                                       
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                     
           +----------------------------------------------+        
                                        *                       
                * *        +-----------------------------        
                                      * *  *                    
           +----------------------------------------------+        
                                                                   
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
    1                                       
          !                                        
   +----+-----------------------------------------------------------
    2                                        
   +----+-----------------------------------------------------------
    3                                  
                                                       
   +----+-----------------------------------------------------------
    4                                                
   +----+-----------------------------------------------------------
    5                                
                                                      
   +----+-----------------------------------------------------------
                                      
                                                          
   +----+-----------------------------------------------------------
                                      
                                           
   +----+-----------------------------------------------------------
                                     
                                               
   +----+-----------------------------------------------------------
                                         
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
    *                            
    * *          19433-88                       
    * * *    N                                                  
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+

                                                     

       . 1 - 17  .





                                                        7.7

                                
                    
                            ( 19433-88)

                 1.    

                                                             1

   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
           ,   
                          ,   
                                                            
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
           1            2                     3                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    1              1     ; 1                      
    1.1; 1.2;                                            
   1.3                                                           
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    1              2     ; 1                      
    1.4                                                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    1              3     ; 1                      
    1.5                                                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    2              4      ; 2          
    2.1                                                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    2.2         10     ; 2                    
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    2.3         5      ; 2       
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
                        5      ;        
    2.4              +---------------------------   2    
                        10     ; 2                   
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    3              5      ; 3  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    4              6     ; 4                  
    4.1                                                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    4.2         7     ; 4                 
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    4.3         8       ; 4              
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    5              9     ; 5                      
    5.1                                                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    5.2         9      ; 5           
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    6              10    ; 6                              
    6.1                                                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    6 <*>          11    ; 6                          
    6.1                                                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    6              12     ; 6           
    6.2                                                  
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    7                    ...                    
               13    ...                      
    I                 ...                      
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    7                    ...                    
               14    ...                      
    II                ...                      
                               ...             
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    7                    ...                    
               15    ...                      
    III               ...                      
                               ...             
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    8              16     / ; 8            
   +------------------+--------+------------------------------------
    9                      ,    
                        17           
                              ,       
                               ; 9                  
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+

       --------------------------------
       <*>          
          ,         
   ,         6.1 
      . 10,     9.1  . 10
     11     -   
   .

                     2.   

                                                             2

   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
                                     
           ( )                                
   +---------+------------------------------+-----------------------
       1                  2                          3           
   +---------+------------------------------+-----------------------
       1                                 
       2      .                        
                                            
             1.4                                            
       3      .                        
                                            
             1.5                                            
       4                                      
       5                                             
       6                                       
                                               
       7                               -     
                                          ,  - 
       8                                               
       9                                       
      10                                         
      11     ,                                
                                               
                                        
      12       ,                   
                                                 
      13                                          
            (                                  
             )                                 
      14                          -     
            (            ,  -       
             )                            
      15                          -     
            (            ,  -       
             )                            
      16    ,            -     
                             ,  -        
                                     
      17                            
                                            
                                                      
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+





                                                        7.8

               ,
                      

       1.              
     ()  :
       75 x 105   -              1 
   ;
       108 x 148  -              1  ;
     :
       148 x 210  -        1,5 .
       2.                
        -     .
       3.          (   14192-77)   
   .
       4.   .
       4.1.        ,
     .   3,  7.8.
       4.2.       
     .
       4.3.   ""      ",  ".   
       ,  ,  ,   
       .
       4.4.   ""      "    
   ".           ,         -
             (  
    ,    ..).
       4.5.  ""   "  ".  
    ,          
      .
       4.6.  ""   "  ".  
    ,      .
       4.7.  ""   " ".    
    ,        .
       4.8.  ""   "  ".    
    ,       .
       4.9.  ""   " ".    
    ,          
    .
       4.10.   ""     " ".  
             
       ,             
     .
       4.11.   ""      "  ".  
     ,             
                 (,   
   ).
       4.12.    ""         "         
    ".     ,      
              
   .
       4.13.  ""   " ".  
            
     .
       4.14.  ""   " ".     
        .





                                                        7.9

          ,  
               (  19433-88)

         .





                                                       7.10

                     
          ,     

   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
         
                     
   +-----------+------------+-------------+-------------+-----------
        1          2            3           4            5     
   +-----------+------------+-------------+-------------+-----------
                             
                             -     
                                                      
                                
                               
                                            
              ,                                          
                -                                       
                                                         
    -                        -     
                                                           
    -   -                      -     
                                                    
    -                     
                                                       
    -                          -     
                                                           
    -                                        
    -                         
                                                          
                             -     
    -                      -     
                                                        
    -                       -     
                                                           
              -           -             
            -           -             
                                            
                                -     
                                                      
                                                          
                                            
                                -     
                                                        
                                                          
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+





                                                       7.11

       7.4.   

                    

                                                          
                                                         
                                            (, , ,
                                                    , )
                                _____________________________________
                                 (, , , )
                                            "__" ____________ 19__ .

                                                          
                                        
                                _____________________________________
                                           "__" _____________ 19__ .

   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
                                      
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                   
   +---------------------------------------------+------------------
                                             
        19433-88                                             
   +------------------------------+--------------                  
          ()                                  
   +------------------------------+--------------                  
       N                                      
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
              _________   
         ,             
        _________ .                                 
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
                                              
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
       1.    .                          
       2.  (  ,   ).     
       3.  (  ,   ). 
       4.   (, ).                   
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+

                                                  ( )
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
                                                    
   +----------------------------------------------------------------
     1                                              
                                                 
   +----+------------------+----------------------------------------
     2                                              
                                                  
   +----+------------------+----------------------------------------
                                                    
                                                        
     3  ,                                         
                                                     
        -                                         
                                                  
   +----+------------------+----------------------------------------
        -                                        
        ,                                          
     4   -                                        
                                                  
                                                             
   +----+------------------+----------------------------------------
     5                                               
   +----+------------------+----------------------------------------
     6                                              
                                                         
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+

       ___________________________       
           (  )                             

                                             "__" ___________ 19__ .





                                                       7.12

                   1                                   2
        -  
                      _____________________
        ,             () _________________
                  _______________
                            _________________
                                          ___________
        N ______________    ______________________
                                        _____________________________
         ,        ________________________
         _______    <4> _________________
                   _________________
         ()          _________________________
              <1> <2>                   _____________________________
                  1                      ________________________
                  2                      <4> _________________
                  4.1, 4.2, 4.3
                  5.1, 5.2             <4> <>   ( )
                  6.1, 6.2             , 
                  7                    
                  8
                  9
        () <3> _________________
       --------------------------------
       <1>  .
       <2>   
          .
       . 3
       <3>  
       . . 2

   ------------------------------------------------------------------
                   3                             4
                
         <5>               
    -----------------------------------
      1, 2, 3, 4.1,    ___________
      4.2, 4.3, 5.1,    / 
      5.2, 6.1, 6.2,  
      7, 8, 9         ________________
    -----------------------------------
      1, 2, 3, 4.1,    ___________
      4.2, 4.3, 5.1,    / 
      5.2, 6.1, 6.2,  
      7, 8, 9
    -----------------------------------
      1, 2, 3, 4.1,    ___________
      4.2, 4.3, 5.1,    / 
      5.2, 6.1, 6.2,
      7, 8, 9
    -----------------------------------
       <5>   





                                                       7.13

                             
                   ,
                         

       1.  N ______________ ,
   ,       
   ,         
       (),        
       .
       2.  -      _________
   __________________________________________________________________
       3.   (  )   
   __________________________________________________________________
       4.   ,   
       ____________________________________________
   __________________________________________________________________
   __________________________________________________________________
       5.            
   ,     10 282   
   ,    ,      
       ,  
    ,       (  
         ):
       6. 
   __________________________________________________________________
   __________________________________________________________________
       7.    _______________   -
                                              :
                                            :
                                            :
   __________________________________________________________________
       8.                 -
            ______________________   :
                                            :
                                            :
       9.                 -
            ______________________   :
                                            :
                                            :
      10.                 -
            ______________________   :
                                            :
                                            :
      11.                 -
            ______________________   :
                                            :
                                            :

        1.               
     ,      
   ,    1.
       2.         
               
   ;                   
       ,          ,
       4;        
   ;          ,   
   ,    .





                                                       7.14

                     
                       

   +---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    N   - 1.11.21.31.41.51.62.12.22.32.43.13.23.3
                                                      
                         N                                           
   +--------+--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   1. -                                                 
        1.1  +  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
   ( )                                               
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
            - 1.2  -  +  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                             
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                            
             -                                              
              1.3  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                           
                                                            
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                             
                1.4  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                             
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                         
           ,                                                   
            -   1.5  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                             
                                                            
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
            -                                             
            ,                                              
           -   1.6  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  -  - 
             -                                             
                                                                
   +--------+--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   2.  -                                               
   , ;      2.1  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  + 
   -                                                 
       +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   -        2.2  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  -  + 
     +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
    --   2.3  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  -  +  -  -  -  - 
                                                     
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
           -                                              
           ,    2.4  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  -  -  +  -  -  - 
                                                             
   +--------+--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   3. - t                                                   
   -  -   3.1  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  -  -  -  +  -  - 
   -   18                                                 
     -. C                                            
      +-------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                            
            (t                                                
            .)18                                                 
                 . C 3.2  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  -  -  -  -  +  + 
                                                              
                 23                                                 
                 . C                                            
                 +-------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                              
                 23                                                 
                 . C                                            
                   3.3  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  +  +  -  -  -  + 
                 61                                                 
                 . C                                            
   +--------+--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   4. -         4.1  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  -  -  -  -  -  + 
   - +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   --  4.2  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  -  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                           
   - +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                        
   -  -                                               
              4.3  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  -  -  -  -  -  + 
            -                                              
           -                                              
                                                            
   +-----------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   5.   5.1  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  + 
     +--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
              5.2  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  + 
                                                             
   +--+--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   6.     6.1  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  +  + 
     +--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
              6.2  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  +  + 
                                                             
   +--+--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   7.        7.   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                             
   +--+--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   8.   8.   -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  +  + 
   +-----------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   9. -                                                  
        .                                             
   -  +61 . C 9.1  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  -  -  +  + 
      +100                                                   
     . C                                                   
   -   +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                         
                                                      
   -   -    9.2  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  +  + 
   -   -                                              
                                                          
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
             9.3  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  +  + 
                                                         
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
            -                                             
            -  9.4  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  -  -  +  + 
                                                         
   +---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

   +---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    N   - 4.14.24.35.15.26.16.2 7  8 9.19.29.39.4
                                                      
                         N                                           
   +--------+--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   1. -                                                 
        1.1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
   ( )                                               
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
            - 1.2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                             
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                            
             -                                              
              1.3  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                           
                                                            
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                             
                1.4  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
                                                             
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                         
           ,                                                   
            -   1.5  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
                                                             
                                                            
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
            -                                             
            ,                                              
           -   1.6  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
             -                                             
                                                                
   +--------+--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   2.  -                                               
   , ;      2.1  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  + 
   -                                                 
       +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   -        2.2  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  -  +  +  + 
     +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
    --   2.3  -  -  -  +  +  -  -  -  +  -  +  +  - 
                                                     
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
           -                                              
           ,    2.4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                             
   +--------+--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   3.-t                                                   
   - -   3.1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
   -     18                                                 
      -. C                                            
   -     +-------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                         
           (t                                                 
           .) 18                                                 
                 . C 3.2  -  -  -  -  -  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
                                                              
                 23                                                 
                 . C                                            
                 +-------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                              
                 23                                                 
                 . C                                            
                   3.3  +  -  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  +  + 
                 61                                                 
                 . C                                            
   +--------+--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   4. -         4.1  +  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
   - +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   --  4.2  -  +  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                           
   - +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                        
   -  -                                               
              4.3  -  -  +  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  +  +  + 
            -                                              
           -                                              
                                                            
   +-----------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   5.   5.1  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
     +--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
              5.2  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
                                                             
   +--+--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   6.     6.1  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
     +--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
              6.2  -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
                                                             
   +--+--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   7.        7.   -  -  -  -  -  -  -  +  -  -  -  -  - 
                                                             
   +--+--------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   8.   8.   -  -  -  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +    
                                                             
   +-----------------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
   9. -                                                  
        .                                             
   -  +61 . C 9.1  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
      +100                                                   
     . C                                                   
   -   +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
                                                         
                                                      
   -   -    9.2  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
   -   -                                              
                                                          
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
             9.3  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
                                                         
           +--------------+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---
            -                                             
            -  9.4  -  -  +  +  +  +  +  -  +  +  +  +  + 
                                                         
   +---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

       + -   
       - -   





                                                       7.15

               
                          

   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
                    ,        
                          
                                                           
                                                            
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         1                               2                        
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         1.                                           
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         2.1                                         
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         2.2     , ,                
                  - , ,    
                                                      
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         2.3     , ,          
                                                      
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         3       , ,  ,  
                 ,                          
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         4.1     ,                   
         4.2                                                      
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         4.3     ,  ,           
                                          
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         5       ,    ,   
                 , , ,                 
                                              
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         6       , ,                
                  - , ,    
                                                      
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         7                                                
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         8       ,    ,
                 , , , ,          
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         9.1                                          
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         9.2     ,                   
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         9.3     , ,                
                  - , ,    
                                                      
   +--------------+-------------------------------------------------
         9.4                                         
   +----------------------------------------------------------------+
	

:

:

 



 


                        

Scania Iveco Volvo Kenworth Mack

 

2005

http://www.atrans.ru/

Rambler's Top100